Java is a class-based general-purpose programming language.
It is a high-level programming language and designed to have
as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is intended
to let users write once, run anywhere (WORA). It can run on
Microsoft Windows, Mac OS and the various versions of Unix.
Java was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun
Microsystems and released in 1995. It was initially
called Oak after an oak tree that stood outside Gosling's office.
Later it was renamed Java, from Java coffee, the coffee
from Indonesia. The latest version is Java 13, released in
Scope of Java:
Java is one of the hottest programming languages. Java is
now managed by Oracle which means there is a lot of scope
for Java in terms of growth as a platform and its core APIs.
Java’s latest major release is Platform Standard Edition 8. The
Android operating system in our mobile devices also uses
Java APIs. Most of the enterprises use Java for programming
as this can be used both in software and web development.
Job opportunities in Java:
There are lots of job opportunities in the field of Java, such as
‘Java-UI Developers’, ’Android Developers’ and many others.
There are numerous job opportunities available in Java, J2EE
combining with other new technologies. With descent
experience, these technologies can be among the highest paid
jobs in the IT industry. Companies like Infosys, TCS, Wipro,
Cognizant, etc are looking for Java professionals, who can
manage multiple projects in J2EE and are ready to provide
them up to 10lpa as salary.
Applications of Java:
Java is being widely used in the industry. It is having n number
1) Mobile Applications: Android is one of the
most popular mobile operating systems and android
applications are usually scripted in Java using the Android
Software Development Kit (SDK).
2) Desktop Applications: The desktop applications can be
easily developed by Java through the means of Abstract
Window Toolkit (AWT), Swing and Java FX.
3) Web-based Applications: Java can be used to develop
web-based applications. With technologies like Servelets, Struts
or JSPs, you can develop any kind of web application.
4) Scientific Applications: Java can be used to design highly
secure programs that are highly portable in nature. The
applications like MATLAB are developed using Java.